The fool has said in his heart, "There is no God."
knowledge is grounded in God, thinking becomes futile when God is
suppress what they know to be true and are therefore cursed with
futile thinking and believe lies. Romans 1:18-22.
thought swings between rationalism and irrationalism, each
constantly borrowing from the other.
thought must borrow from Christian truth in order to criticize it.
science cannot rationally justify its principles.
can one rationally demonstrate that the past tells us anything
about the future without begging the question?
can one relate one's sense perceptions to the world out there?
logic cannot be justified on its own terms.
are logical laws universal and unchanging?
are logical laws normative; that is, why are we obligated to
believe the results of logical inferences?
ethical systems don't work.
ethics has no adequate grounds for authority.
ethics does not have available adequate knowledge to utilize its
non-Christian cannot live or even think on the basis of such a
shaky foundation. Therefore, the non-Christian's ethics are often
based on "borrowed capital" as a result.
(PM) is the predominant mode of non-Christian thinking in our culture.
world is without objective meaning or absolute truth.
feel; therefore, I am."
refers only to itself, not to any objective world out there.
convictions are nothing more than personal opinions. "If
it works for you, then I'm happy for you."
of an objective world is really an attempt to gain or maintain
power by manipulation.
manifests futile thinking.
fails the test of everyday life. No one can survive while
consistently denying the connection between the subjective and
transcendental argument for God's existence:
premise: Only the existence of the Christian God makes genuine
Minor premise: Genuine knowledge is possible.
Conclusion: The Christian God exists.
Every Thought Captive: A Study Manual for the Defense of Christian
Truth by Richard Pratt, P&R, 1979, 142 pp. A very readable
introduction to the transcendental argument for the existence of God and
for Christian apologetics from a presuppositional perspective.
"Is Non-Christian Thought Justifiable?", a debate between
Christian philosopher Douglas Jones and atheist philosophers Keith Parsons
and Michael Martin, WWW, ~15 pp. Jones argues that non-Christian thought
is futile. Very interesting reading but somewhat philosophical in
vocabulary and style.
"Futility in Non-Christian Ethics" by Sam Waldron, WWW, ~15
pp. Demonstrates that non-Christian ethical systems simply cannot justify
their principles and by contrast that Christianity gives us a viable
ethical system. He also discusses and critiques various options within
"Non-Christian Hypocrisy" by Douglas Jones, Credenda/Agenda,
vol. 6, no. 3, p.15. "I just can't stand it. Non-Christians are such
hypocrites. They should learn to practice what they preach. How could
anyone become a non-Christian? They don't even live what they claim to
believe!" This is how Douglas Jones begins his provocative essay on
the truth that non-Christians cannot consistently live out the
implications of their system of truth.
"Interpretation as Violence" by Douglas Jones,
Credenda/Agenda, vol. 10, no. 1, p.22. Discusses the latest literary
theory spawned by postmodernism -- that the interpretation of a text is an
assault on that text.