Topical Studies
Home General Interest Jehovah's Witnesses Latter Day Saints Int'l Church of Christ Unitarians World Religions Atheism / Agnosticism


General Interest

Christianity 101

Are you a good person?  Take the test!

What is an Evangelical? Michael Horton

What do Evangelicals Believe? Robert Bowman

Understanding the Basics of the Faith Greg Herrick

Choosing a Bible Leland Ryken (online book)

Biblical Hermeneutics Robert Hommel

Biblical Inerrancy Lyons & Miller

Tools for Personal Bible Study Robert Hommel

e-Sword Modules Free Bible Software and custom Add-ons

10 Questions Intellectuals ask about Christianity Henry F. Schaefer III

Apologetics, Truth, and Humility Douglas Groothuis

Got the Right Doctrine?  How Do you Know?  Robert Hommel

The Biblical Basis of the Doctrine of the Trinity: An Outline Study Robert Bowman

A Memo to Anti-Trinitarians: How to Disprove the Trinity R. Bowman

The Deity of Christ J. Gresham Machen

The Plural  Maker Called God Ray Goldsmith

Conjoined Twins and the Trinity Robert Hommel

A Brief Articulation of Sola Scriptura Sam Shamoun

Three articles on tongues Robert Zerhusen.

The Meaning of the Passover Chosen People Ministries

The Christian Canon Don Closson

Glossary of Theological & Philosophical Terms

Virtual Master's Degree in Theological Studies


For an Answer Blog


Intelligent Design

Intelligent Design FAQ from the Access Research Network

What Every Theologian Should Know about Intelligent Design William Dembsk

Kansas Science Standards and ID Steve Abrams, Chairman, Kansas Board of Education

The Da Vinci Code 

  Online Review, Denver Journal Craig Blomberg

  Cracks in the Da Vinci Code Ronald V. Huggins

  The Good News of Da Vinci Darrel Bock

  Mary, Mary, Extraordinary Ben Witherington III

  Has the Bible Been Corrupted? (Real Video) 

  Where Did the Bible Come From? (Real Video)

  The Da Vinci Code - Separate Fact from Fiction RBC Ministries
  Ungodly Errors Larry Hurtado


Jesus Seminar

A Review of the Jesus Seminar's The Five Gospels NT Wright

The Jesus Seminar Jimmy Williams

Can the New Jesus Save Us? C. Stephen Evans

Who Does the Jesus Seminar Really Speak For? Craig Blomberg

Rediscovering the Historical Jesus William Lane Craig


Other Reinventions of the Historical Jesus

Jesus Tomb: Resources & Responses

Expert Doubts 'Gospel of Judas' Revelation Richard Ostling, AP

The Gospel of Judas Larry Hurtado

The Gospel of Judas Ben Witherington III

The Gospel of Judas: Some Crucial Questions  Clinton E. Arnold

Misquoting Jesus  Review by Daniel Wallace

Misquoting Jesus Review by Ben Witherington III

Holy Blood, Holy Grail  Review by Brian Onken

Gnosticism and the Gnostic Jesus Douglas Groothuis

The Gnostic Gospels: Are They Authentic? Douglas Groothuis
Why the Lost Gospels Lost Out Ben Witherington III

Bart Ehrman has Jumped the Shark Rick Brannan


Answering Jehovah's Witnesses

Greek Grammar

Sharp's Rule and Antitrinitarian Theologies: A Bicentennial Defense of Granville Sharp's Argument for the Deity of Christ Robert Bowman

Sharp Redivivus? A Reexamination of the Granville Sharp Rule Dan Wallace

The Text and Grammar of John 1:18 Dan Wallace

The New World Translation and Christologically Significant Article-Substantive-Kai-Substantive
Constructions in the New Testament
J. Ed Komoszewski

The Significance of the Anarthrous PN in John Paul S. Dixon

Revisiting the Colwell Construction in Light of Mass / Count Nouns Don Hartley

Jesus and LatreuŰ Sam Shamoun

The One and Only Son Richard Longenecker

"Smart's Rule" - A Critique  Robert Bowman

Is Prototokos a 'Partitive Word?' Luis C. Reyes

Qualitative Nouns - Emphasis or Sense? Robert Hommel

Verse Studies

Subordinationism in John 5 Barry Hofstetter

John 5 and Christ "as Agent" Robert Hommel

Old Testament Background of the Firstborn:  Robert Keay (on Col 1:15)

The Structure and Rhetoric of Colossians 1:15-20: Luis C. Reyes 

The Latest JW Argument from Col 1:15 Ray Goldsmith

"I Said Ye Are Gods:" Psalm 82:6 and John 10 Jerome Neyrey

An Apologetic Study of John 10:34-36 W. Gary Phillips

Jesus as "a god" Alongside God: JWs and John 1:1 Sam Shamoun

Theos is a Count Noun: "God" or "a god" in John 1:1c Robert Hommel

Jesus as the Mighty God of Isaiah 9:6 Sam Shamoun

John 8:58: How Do We Translate? Kelton Graham

Monotheistic Doctrine of Creation in Isa 44:24 Robert Bowman

Acts 8 and the Watchtower Robert Bowman

Proverbs 8, Personification, and Christ Robert Bowman

Acts 20:28: The Blood of His Own? Robert Bowman

Romans 8:11 and the Resurrection Robert Bowman

1 Corinthians 8:6 Robert Bowman

John 1:1 in the Sahidic Coptic Translation Robert Hommel

From God (QEOS) To God (NOYTE) Brian J. Wright and Tim Ricchuiti

Monotheism, Christology, and the Trinity

Were Early Christians Trinitarians? Robert Hommel

Biblical Monotheism Examined: Trinitarian or Henotheistic in Nature? Sam Shamoun

Jehovah's Witnesses and the Deity of Christ Sam Shamoun

Jesus is Yahweh Sam Shamoun

Paul's Christology of Divine Identity Richard Bauckham

What Do We Mean by First Century Jewish Monotheism Larry W. Hurtado

Conjoined Twins and the Trinity Robert Hommel

Christ as Angel GŁnther Juncker

Jesus Christ: The God Who is All in All Sam Shamoun

The Personhood of the Holy Spirit Robert Hommel

The Personality of the Holy Spirit Christian Thinktank

The Deity of the Holy Spirit Christian Thinktank

The Development of the Nomen Sacrum and the Holy Spirit Robert Hommel

Watchtower Theology

Power in the Blood J.P. Holding

Jehovah's Witnesses and the Cross Leolaia

How the First Christians Viewed the Shape of the Cross Robert Hommel

Jehovah of the Watchtower: The Theism of Jehovah's Witnesses James Stewart

Where is the Great Crowd?  Robert V. Frazier

The Anointed's Inescapable False Prophecy James Stewart

The Watchtower Testifies about False Prophecy: The Walsh Trial

Has God's Name Been Removed from the Bible? Robert Hommel

The Divine Name: What JWs Get Right and Wrong Robt Bowman

YHWH vs Jehovah Kelton Graham

Book Reviews

The Role of Theology and Bias in Bible Translation, Rolf Furuli

   James Stewart

        James Stewart Defends His Review

   Luis Carlos Reyes

   Robert Bowman

Jesus: God or the Son of God, Brian Holt

   "Phantaz Sunlyk"

Jehovah's Witnesses Defended, Greg Stafford

    A Summary Critique by James White

Truth in Translation, Jason BeDuhn

   N.E. Barry Hofstetter

Shades of Sheol: Death and Afterlife in the Old Testament, Philip Johnston

   N.E. Barry Hofstetter

Watchtower Literature

The New World Translation: What the Scholars Really Said  Robert Hommel

Dr. Julius R. Mantey and the Watchtower Robert Hommel

A Response to the Pamphlet 'Should You Believe in the Trinity' Barry Hofstetter

References used in the "Should You Believe in the Trinity" booklet. 

Fred Franz, William LaSor, and the NWT Robert Hommel

 "KNOWLEDGE that Leads to Everlasting Life" A Response

Finished Mystery Facts Don Huber

   The Finished Mystery The Watchtower Bible and Tract Society


Official Watchtower Teaching about the Internet

   1999: Use of the Internet: Beware of the Dangers

   2003: Beware the Voice of Strangers


Can 'the Truth' Survive the Internet? Stephen Cox


Books from Tetragrammaton.Org...

   The Divine Name in the New World Translation

   The Tetragrammaton in the Christian Greek Scriptures


Answering Latter Day Saints

Book of Mormon

DNA Evidence vs The Book of Mormon - A documentary film by Living Hope Ministries featuring secular and LDS scholars raises questions about the historicity of the Book of Mormon

     Video (order or view online)


DNA and the Book of Mormon Record Bill McKeever

Answers to Apologetic Claims about DNA and the BOM Southerton

1830 Book of Mormon (online  book)

3,913 Changes in the Book of Mormon Jerald and Sandra Tanner

A Black Hole in the Book of Mormon Jerald and Sandra Tanner

Facts on the Book of Mormon Witnesses Joel B. Groat

Literary Dependence in the Book of Mormon Michael Marquardt

Who Really Wrote the Book of Mormon H.A. Davis (online book)

Answers to FARMs Claims about DNA Simon Southerton

LA Times on BOM and DNA William Lobdell

Other LDS Scriptures & Ordinances

Changes to Latter-Day Scripture - LDS Leaders Have Made Thousands of Changes to Mormon Scriptures - Why?

By His Own Hand Upon Papyrus: A New Look at the Joseph Smith Papyri  Charles M. Larson (online book)

The Use of Egyptian Magical Papyri to Authenticate the Book of Abraham Edward H. Ashment - An LDS Egyptologist disputes FARMS defense of the Book of Abraham 

The Lost Book of Abraham (YouTube Video Documentary)

Joseph Smith's Egyptian Alphabet and Grammar Michael Marquardt

Changes in the Revelations Jerald and Sandra Tanner

Changing the Book of Commandments Rick Branch

False Prophecy in the Doctrine and Covenants James Walker

Joseph Smith's "Inspired" Revisions to the KJV Joel B. Groat

Joseph Smith and the First Verse of the Bible Ronald V. Huggins

The LDS Temple Endowment Ceremony (A comparison of pre- and post-1990)

Can Temple Ordinances Be Changed?

Masonry and the Mormon Temple Ceremony 

Mormon Theology

To Those Who are Investigating "Mormonism" Richard Packham

The Doctrine of The Trinity in LDS and "Catholic" Contexts Paul Owen

Philosophical Problems with the Mormon Concept of God Francis Beckwith

"Ye are Gods?" Orthodox and Heretical Views on the Deification of Man Robert Bowman

Mormon Polygamy Chad Uretsky

The Evolution of Mormon Theology James White

Joseph Smith's Changing Doctrine of Deity Luke P. Wilson

Mormon Neo-Orthodoxy Don Closson

Book Reviews

How Wide the Divide, Blomberg and Robinson

   Francis Beckwith

New Approaches to the Book of Mormon, Brent Metcalfe, ed.

   Joel B. Groat and Luke P. Wilson

The New Mormon Challenge, Beckwith, Mosser, and Owen

   Eric Johnson

One Nation Under Gods, Richard Abanes

   Eric Johnson

American Apocrypha, Paul Vogel and Brent Metcalfe

   Paul M. Edwards

Studies in the Book of Mormon, B.H. Roberts

   A Mormon General Authority's Doubts About the Authenticity of the Book of Mormon

Joseph Smith and LDS Church Origins

Joseph Smith and the Kinderhook Plates Evans & Groat

The Kinderhook Plates Tanner & Tanner

New Light on Joseph Smith's First Vision Wesley P. Walters

Joseph Smith's Changing First Vision Accounts 

History of Wayne County - How the Locals Viewed Joseph Smith and His Family

Final Moments at Carthage Jail Bill McKeever (includes 25 minute video)

General Interest

Mormon Apologetic, Scholarship and Evangelical Neglect Mosser and Owen

Mosser and Owen Address Some Concerns about how their paper has been used to discredit certain authors.


Answering the International Church of Christ

A Critical Evaluation of the International Church of Christ (compiled by Mark Schweitzer)

Cult Alert!  The International Church of Christ Steven Rausch


Answering Unitarians

A Response to Anthony Buzzard James Wihite

The Unscholarly Scholarship of Anthony Buzzard Robert Hommel 

Further Evidence that Jesus is God Eric V. Snow

The ECFs, John 1:1, and the Pre-Existence of Christ Robert Hommel

Examining Psalm 110:1 Sam Shamoun

Answering Objections to Jesus' Pre-Existence Sam Shamoun

1 Corinthians 8:6 Robert Bowman

Buzzard v Sanders Trinity Debate

Book Reviews

One God and One Lord, Graeser, Lynn, Schonheit

   Bible Translations, Greek Texts, and the Trinity John P. Juedes

   A Critique of One God and One Lord Frederc M. Martin

The Doctrine of The Trinity  Buzzard and Hunting

   A Review RA Baker


Answering World Religions


Answering Islam Website


Who is Jesus?  Jass Singh

Points of Contact Between Christians and Sikhs Gidoomal

Differences Between Christianity and Sikhism Gidoomal

The Bible and Sikh Scriptures


Answering Atheism and Agnosticism

Does God Exist?

In Defense of Intelligent Design William Dembski

Reflections on Human Origins William Dembski

The Intelligent Design Movement William Dembski

Science and Design William Dembski

DNA and Other Designs Stephen C. Meyer

The Existence of God and the Beginning of the Universe William Lane Craig

The Teleological Argument and the Anthropic Principle William Lane Craig

The Evolution of a Skeptic: An Interview with Michael Behe

An Introduction to Molecular Machines and Irreducible Complexity Michael Behe

Evidence for Intelligent Design from Biochemistry Michael Behe

Rebuttals to Common Criticisms of Darwin's Black Box, Robert DiSilvestro

Are We Alone in the Universe? Raymond G. Bohlin

Home Alone in the Universe Guillermo Gonzalez

Alien Intelligences?  Think Again Guillermo Gonzalez

Are We Alone?  Our Recent Success on Mars... Jay Richards and G. Gonzalez

A Response to Some Objections to The Privileged Planet  Richards and Gonzalez

Human Fossils:  Just So Stories of Apes and Humans Raymond G. Bohlin

The Justification of Theism Richard G. Swinburne


Debates about The Existence of God

The Great Debate: Does God Exist? (Bahnsen-Stein)

Does God Exist?  The Bahnsen-Tabash Debate

Does God Exist? The Craig-Jesseph Debate

Reflections on the God vs Science Debate Mark Hanna

Is an Atheistic Worldview Philosophically Sound?

An Interview with Anthony Flew Gary Habermas interviews the former atheist (now theist) philosopher.

The Presumptuousness of Atheism Paul Copan

Deconstructing Liberal Tolerance Francis Beckwith

A Summary Critique of The Case Against Christianity Stephen E. Parrish

Responses to Atheist Philosopher Michael Martin John Frame and Michael Butler

Can Michael Martin Be a Moral Realist?: Sic et Non Paul Copan

The Heart of the Matter: Knowing and Believing Greg Bahnsen

Presuppositional Procedure Greg Bahnsen

Philosophical Problems with Moral Relativism Francis Beckwith

The Futility of Non-Christian Thinking

Monkey Morality: Can Evolution Explain Ethics? Greg Koukl

Methodical Naturalism?  Alvin Plantinga

Theism, Atheism, and Rationality Alvin Plantinga

Stephen Hawking, The Big Bang, and God Henry F. Shaefer III

Is Evolution a Good Theory? Henry F. Schaefer III

The Status of Evolution as a Scientific Theory Newman, et al

Michael Denton on Intelligent Design Brief excepts from Evolution: A Theory in Crisis

An Interview with Michael Denton Excepts from an ARN video interview

Skepticism's Prospects for Unseating Intelligent Design William Dembski

You Guys Lost!  Is Design a Closed Issue? Nancy Pearcey

What is Naturalism that We Should be Mindful of It? William P. Alston

The Church of Darwin Phillip E. Johnson

Miracles and Modern Scientific Thought Norman Geisler

The Incompatibility of Naturalism and Scientific Realism Robert Koons

Is the Bible Reliable?

The Historicity of the Empty Tomb of Jesus William Lane Craig

Support for the Authenticity of the Book of Matthew

Shattering the Christ-Myth J.P. Holding

Easter: Myth, Hallucination, or History Edwin Yamauchi

Qumran Fragment 7Q5 Carsten Peter Thiede

Biblical Pool of Siloam Discovered

The Resurrection as a Historical Problem N.T. Wright

Early Traditions and the Origins of Christianity N.T. Wright

Third Century Christian Church Discovered in Israel

Expert Doubts 'Gospel of Judas' Revelation Richard Ostling, AP

The Christian Canon Don Closson

The Gospels as Historical Sources for Jesus RT France

The New Testament Documents FF Bruce (Online Book)

New Report on the James Ossuary

How Can We Know Anything About the Real Jesus Mark D. Roberts

The Historical Veracity of the Resurrection Narratives Greg Herrick

How Accurate is the Bible? Kenneth Boa

Was Nazareth Invented by Christians? Glenn Miller

Evidence of the Exodus from Egypt IBSS Article

Jesus as Theos: Scriptural Fact or Scribal Fantasy Brian Wright

Does the Problem of Evil Disprove the God of the Bible?

Where is God?  A Biblical Answer to the Problem of Evil  Robert Hommel

The Problem of Evil Greg Bahnsen

Intelligent Design and the Problem of Evil William Dembski

How can a Good God Allow Evil? Rick Rood

Bosnia, Rape and the Problem of Evil Greg Koukl

Evil and the Justice of God N.T. Wright

   Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5

Aquinas and the Necessity of Natural Evils Thomistic Philosophy Page

The Morality of Everlasting Punishment Mark Talbot

Comments on Alvin Plantinga's Free Will Defense Scott H. Moore

A New Free Will Defense Alexander R. Pruss


Book & Film Reviews

Dawkins' The God Delusion Reviewed by Marilynn Robinson

The Dawkins Confusion Alvin Plantinga

Jesus Tomb: Resources & Responses

This Joyful Eastertide: A Review of The Empty Tomb Steve Hays

Peter Jennings on Jesus and Paul Robert Bowman

The Discovery Channel on Ramses Robert Bowman

Misquoting Jesus  Review by Daniel Wallace

Misquoting Jesus Review by Ben Witherington III

Holy Blood, Holy Grail  Review by Brian Onken

A Review of the Jesus Seminar's The Five Gospels NT Wright

The Impossibility of God  Review by Paul Copan

Hitchen's God is Not Great Review by Mark D. Roberts